When homeowners say they are planning on pruning their shrubs, they often mean they are going to 'shear' their shrubs. Although shearing has its uses in landscaping, it's typically done for aesthetic motives and rarely leads to a healthier plant. Pruning on the flip side, if done right, makes the plant more healthy and formed true to its natural shape.
The right pruning consistently results in a more vigorous and healthy plant. The right pruning also leaves the shrub in its authentic form, not shaped into something it is not.
Any pruning should start with any crossing or dead branches removal. Crossing branches are branches that grow crossing the inside of the shrub or inward toward towards it. These are of no use and will inhibit the growth of branches that are desired by shading the interior of the plant. When the dead and crossing branches have been rid of, you'll need to determine which type of pruning the shrub needs: whether maintenance or rejuvenation pruning.
Maintenance pruning at http://nice-landscaping.com/landscape-services/shrubs-and-hedges/ is needed several times annually and calls for only removing unwanted branches to keep a natural shape. Look for long branches that seem misplaced. Reach to the middle of the plant when removing in order to find the natural branching point. This is the area you ought to make the cut.
The cut should be allowing water to run off by being at a 45-degree angle. Make the cut 1/4 of an inch above the bud node. The bud node is where new development will start, so select a node pointing in the direction of the desired development. Settling upon a node pointed toward the middle of the plant can lead to a branch that is crossing.
Rejuvenation pruning ought to be reserved for mature plants. As plants age, major branches or stems lose their energy and be unproductive. Rejuvenation pruning means just what it says, it rejuvenates old plants by returning them to their previous energy and shape. There are two approaches to get this done, one is extreme and the other is less intense.
Sometimes called renewal pruning, this severe pruning involves cutting at the plant totally back to a height of six to twelve inches. It's not appropriate for many shrubs since this could be very difficult on a plant, so seek advice from the local greenhouse, extension agent or research it yourself. As the plant will be needing time to recuperate, time can also be crucial with such a pruning.
If the plant continues to be pretty vigorous, in the event the shrub cannot handle a radical cutback or in the event you intend to rejuvenate the shrub but nevertheless maintain its form, you're able to do a long-term drastic rejuvenation.
Following these easy techniques at http://nice-landscaping.com/landscape-services/shrubs-and-hedges/ will keep your shrubs healthy, vigorous and, in the case of flowering shrubs, covered in flowers year in, year out.